Why do my gums bleed while brushing?
Bleeding is the first sign of gum disease. When the plaque and calculus (that has bacteria in it) stay attached to the teeth for long time, it irritates and damages the gums and causes gum inflammation. When the gums inflame they bleed! So basically bleeding is the first indication that something wrong is with gums and patient needs to see a dentist. Most of the times, this problem can be treated by professional cleaning and good oral home care by brushing and flossing regularly.
Why do I have bad breath?
Bad breath can occur when patient has either gum disease or cavities in the teeth that catches food and it deteriorates giving out a foul smell. If there are multiple fillings in the mouth, it’s possible that after a person eats, some of the food gets stuck between the teeth and as it gets rotten, it gives out bad odor. The prevention is to have very healthy mouth by getting professional cleaning done in the dental office and getting all your cavities cleaned out and filled. You should also learn from your dentist or hygienist on how to take care of your oral hygiene at home. You might need to use floss and water-pic and inter-dental brush to get rid of bad odor or halitosis.
How often should I get Scaling/Cleaning done?
Plaque formation on the teeth is a continuous process. If this is not removed by brushing it starts mineralization into tartar within 10-14 hours. Such persons may require periodic scaling, every 6 months or so. The golden rule is to have a routine dental check up every 6 months. Your dentist will be able to advise you whether you need scaling or not. He will also advise you on the correct home care for healthy teeth. It must be emphasized again that scaling of teeth does not weaken them but prevents gum diseases which bring about bleeding gums and if not checked leading to more serious and extensive gum problems. Good oral hygiene prevents, and is vital to the treatment of many of the dental and oral disorders. Good oral hygiene results in a healthy mouth. Moreover, the mouth is the gateway to the whole body. a healthy mouth ensures a healthy body to a great extent.
Why do we get Cavities?
Cavity-causing bacteria in the mouth consume simple sugars, converting them into acid plaque. Acid plaque is different from the periodontal plaque that causes “Gum Disease”. The acid plaque produced by these bacteria cause the hard inorganic layers of the enamel and dentin to soften. The softened layers are then dissolved by saliva, leaving a hole (cavity) in the tooth. Unless filled by a dentist, the cavity can continue to erode and damage the inner pulp of the tooth. Damage to the pulp can lead to pulp death, infection and tooth abscess. Therefore, pulp damage will necessitate either tooth extraction or a root canal procedure where the dying pulp is removed and replaced with an inert material.